Join Carlos as he explores the effects of violence in the media with Dr. Sparks. Dr. Sparks is a Professor in the Brian Lamb School of Communication at Purdue University. He has done General research on the effects of mass media. Research has included experimental work on the appeal of media violence, the effects of paranormal depictions in the media on paranormal beliefs and beliefs about science, and the effects of frightening films on emotional reactions of children and adults. Also conducting research on the “CSI effect” as well as the general impact of electronic media on interpersonal relationships and close connections. Some of this research culminated in the publication (with Dr. Will Miller) of Refrigerator Rights: Our Crucial Need for Close Connection (2008, Willow).